Many of the most important events of British history are indelibly linked to Normandy. The last successful invasion of Britain left Normandy in 1066 and the liberation of the western European mainland from the Nazis began in 1944 on the now famous beaches of Calvados. In the very heart of Calvados lies Caen, the capital of the region, where the ruins of William the Conqueror's enormous stronghold can be found. Also well worth visiting is the Musée pour la Paix, a memorial museum to the Battle of Normandy which takes visitors on a fascinating journey through twentieth century history.
Also included is a visit to Rouen, the ancient capital of the region. Rouen has restored ancient streets and houses, including the Vieille Maison of 1466 and the Place du Vieux Marché where Joan of Arc was burned at the stake in 1432. There is a magnificent 13th century cathedral, the subject of a series of paintings by Monet, as well as many fine museums and churches, including St Ouen and St Maclou.